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  Australian Law Journal   (Australia)
  Volume 83, Number 4, April 2009
  homepage                   other issues
 

  • CURRENT ISSUES — Editor: Mr Justice P W Young AO
  • Loss of faith
        p.215                                                                                      +cite    
  • Realignment of the federal courts
        p.215                                                                                      +cite    
  • Charities: Use of funds
        p.216                                                                                      +cite    
  • Crime in the County Court
        p.216                                                                                      +cite    
  • Recognition of an Australian liquidation under United States cross border insolvency law
        p.217                                                                                      +cite    

  • CONVEYANCING AND PROPERTY — Editor: Peter Butt
  • Enforcement of lease guarantees by purchasers from landlord
        p.220                                                                                      +cite    
  • "Market rental" vs "market rental value": Same or different?
        p.220                                                                                      +cite    
  • Attempted unilateral severance of joint tenancy proves ineffective
        p.221                                                                                      +cite    
  • Possessory title of Torrens title land
        p.221                                                                                      +cite    
  • Adverse possession and mortgagors: UK
        p.222                                                                                      +cite    
  • Easements: Asphalt vs trafficable turf
        p.222                                                                                      +cite    

  • PEOPLE IN THE LAW — Editor: Geoff Lindsay SC
  • Hon Michael Kirby AC CMG (Cth)
        p.224                                                                                      +cite    
  • Justice Julie Ward (NSW)
        p.227                                                                                      +cite    

  • PRACTICAL ADVOCACY — Editor: Professor John Harber Phillips AC QC
  • Further happenings in court
        p.228                                                                                      +cite    

  • RECENT CASES — Editor: Mr Justice P W Young AO
  • Trustee's right of indemnity
        p.231                                                                                      +cite    
  • Pleading: Referring to documents — Right to particulars of denial
        p.231                                                                                      +cite    
  • Trusts: Life estates — Management of trust property
        p.232                                                                                      +cite    
  • Tort: Duty of stock exchange
        p.233                                                                                      +cite    
  • Professional disciplinary proceedings where allegation also a crime
        p.233                                                                                      +cite    
  • Judges need to be ignorant
        p.234                                                                                      +cite    
  • Evidence: Use of photographs
        p.235                                                                                      +cite    
  • Secondary offender
        p.235                                                                                      +cite    

  • ARTICLES
  • SHARE TRADING AND THE "CLOG" ON THE EQUITY OF REDEMPTION
        Lee Aitken
        p.237                                                                                      +cite        
        Lending on the security of shares has featured prominently in recent court cases. This article explores, in the light of recent authority, the position with respect to clogs on the equity of redemption and the broader question of how properly to characterise the transaction — is it a mortgage, an out and out transfer, or some form of bailment such as a classical mutuum? The last possibility has not been canvassed in the authority but would seem to be the most appropriate description of what occurs — what consequences would flow from such a characterisation?
  • CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION AND TRADE SECRETS: WHEN IS A TRADE SECRET IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN?
        Graeme S Clarke, SC
        p.242                                                                                      +cite        
        The public domain is a limiting concept on breach of confidence claims. Information in the public domain is not confidential. Where the information is a trade secret about a product, sale of the product in the marketplace does not necessarily mean that the confidentiality of the secret, along with the plaintiff's cause of action, is destroyed. A court of equity may order relief despite the sale in appropriate circumstances.
  • CENTIPEDES, LIARS AND UNCONSCIOUS BIAS
        G T Pagone
        p.255                                                                                      +cite        
        The author in this article discusses his work as a judge and previously as counsel, in particular in relation to being required as a trial judge to "find" the facts upon which to apply the law in reaching a decision, when on the Court of Appeal, to evaluate the findings of fact made by others in their application to the law, and formerly as counsel, to evaluate the facts given by his instructors to assess their weight in reaching an opinion or in selecting which facts to rely upon in court. The author then examines a fundamental aspect of fact finding, that of the credit, truthfulness and reliability of witnesses which relies upon the intuition of the judge, jury or other decision-maker, noting the problems with the filters that are applied by a decision-maker in relation to demeanour evidence by reviewing what was considered common sense in the past. After looking at unconscious bias, the author concludes by discussing the importance of giving reasons for decisions. That it is the law's response to the possibility of error by intuitive decision making, or by unconscious bias, to require the decision-maker to explain how the decision is made.
  • FIDUCIARY OBLIGATIONS AND TRUSTEES IN BANKRUPTCY
        Justice Peter W Young AO
        p.263                                                                                      +cite        
        The author in this article addresses some of the more important and problematic aspects of the obligations of trustees in bankruptcy to the stakeholders. The author begins by looking at the differences between an ordinary trustee and a trustee in bankruptcy, noting the relationship of creditors with the trustee in bankruptcy, before exploring the fiduciary role of a trustee in bankruptcy and reviewing his or her duties pursuant to the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cth) and the general law. The author then considers how far the trustee must act personally and how far he or she can delegate matters to staff before looking at the situation where a sequestration order is made and then the debtor applies to set it aside, concluding with suggestions as to how that problem might be tackled.

  • BOOK REVIEW
  • Freedom from Poverty as a Human Right — Who owes what to the very poor? by Thomas Pogge
        p.269                                                                                      +cite    

  • OBITUARY
  • Sir John Mortimer QC
        p.272                                                                                      +cite