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  Bio-Science Law Review   (United Kingdom)
  Volume 7, Issue 1, 2004/2005
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  • SPECIAL ISSUE: Protection of Intellectual Property and Access to Plant Genetic Resources
        This is a special issue of Bio-Science Law Review which carries the edited papers of the ISF International Seminar held in Berlin in 2004. This collection of papers is divided into three sections - the evolution of plant breeding techniques - the evolution of the international legal environment - and balancing Access and Protection: Views of Stakeholders The International Seed Federation represents the mainstream of seed trade and the plant breeding community in the world. It is a non-governmental, non-profit organization representing the seed industry. With members spread over 68 developed and developing countries on all continents, ISF serves as an international forum where issues of interest to the seed industry are discussed. ISF promotes the establishment and protection of intellectual property rights for seeds, plant varieties and associated technologies, which follow from research investments in plant breeding, plant biotechnology, seed technology and related subjects. It facilitates the marketing of planting seeds and other reproductive materials by publishing rules for trading seed and licensing technology. These rules clarify and standardize contractual relations between buyers and sellers at the international level. The settlement of disputes is also provided for through mediation, conciliation and/or arbitration. Arbitration Chambers exist in many ISF member countries. For more information on ISF see


  • 'Traditional Breeding' From Pedigree Selection to Marker-Assisted Selection
        Andre Gallais
        p.5                                                                                          +cite        
  • Genotyping and Sequencing
        Stephen Smith
        p.9                                                                                          +cite        
  • Biotechnology in Plant Breeding
        Jim Peacock
        p.17                                                                                        +cite        

  • Evolution of the Legal Environment of Plant Breeders' Rights
        Bart Kiewiet
        p.22                                                                                        +cite        
  • Patents and Plant Breeding - Past and Present
        Tim Roberts
        p.27                                                                                        +cite        
  • Supplemental Forms of Intellectual Property Protection for Plants
        Mark Janis
        p.32                                                                                        +cite        
  • The Convention on Biological Diversity
        Andree Sontot
        p.45                                                                                        +cite        
  • Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: Developments in International Law and Politics
        Cary Fowler
        p.53                                                                                        +cite        

  • Developing Genetic Resources for the future - the long look
        Rick McConnell
        p.57                                                                                        +cite        
  • Balancing Access and Protection: Lessons from the Past to Build the Future
        Jean-Christophe Gouache
        p.61                                                                                        +cite        
  • Maintaining the Public Sector's essential role in crop varietal improvement
        Gary Toenneissen
        p.68                                                                                        +cite